Travel Oaxaca’s Natural Dye Textiles + Weaving Trail: One-Day Study Tour

We introduce you to weavers of wool, cotton and silk who work with organic natural dyes. This one-day educational study tour gives you in-depth knowledge about the artisanal process for making hand-woven cloth using sustainable technologies. We visit home studios and workshops to meet some of Oaxaca’s outstanding weavers in this curated day trip. See the real indigo, cochineal and wild marigold dye process. Meet artisans who create beautiful rugs and clothing.

Schedule your dates directly with Norma Schafer.

Full day rate of $300 USD is for one or two people. $150 per person for each additional person.

You reserve for the dates you prefer. You are welcome to organize your own small group.  We match your travel schedule with our availability.

Pricing is for a full day, starting at 9 a.m. and ending around 6 p.m. Customized programs on request. The rate is based on the time we pick you up and return you to your Oaxaca hotel. Please provide us with hotel/lodging address and phone number.


Oaxaca has many talented weavers working on different types of looms: the two-harness pedal loom, the flying shuttle loom and the back-strap loom. They create many different types of cloth from wool, cotton and silk – to use, wear and walk on.

Wool Coch Red Bobbins62K

The yarns or threads can be hand-woven and made into tapestry carpets or wall hangings. They might become lighter weight garments such as shawls, ponchos and scarves or fashion accessories and home goods like handbags, travel bags, blankets, throws and pillow covers.

Natural grey wool and dried cochineal bugs

Natural grey wool and dried cochineal bugs

Most weavers dye their material using pre-mixed commercial dyes. Some buy their yarns pre-dyed. This streamlines and simplifies the production process, making the finished piece less costly. Often, there are wide quality differences.

Selection of Teotitlan del Valle wool rugs from the tapestry loom

A growing number of weavers are going back to their indigenous roots and working in natural dyes. They use a time-consuming process to gather the dye materials, prepare them with tested recipes, dye the yarns and then weave them into cloth. These colors are vibrant and long-lasting. There is a premium for this type of hand work.

Dyeing and then weaving can take weeks and months, depending upon the finished size of the textile and type of weaving process used.

Preparing indigo for the dye pot -- first crush it to powder

Preparing indigo for the dye pot — first crush it to powder

For each visit, we will select artisans who live and work in small villages scattered in the countryside around Oaxaca where families have co-created together for generations to prepare the yarn and weave it.


Natural dyes we will investigate include plant materials like nuts, wild marigold, fruit (pomegranate, persimmon, zapote negro), wood bark and indigo.

Shades of cochineal -- a full range of color

Shades of cochineal — a full range of color

Another important dye source is cochineal, which is the parasite that feeds on the prickly pear cactus. The Spanish kept the cochineal secret well hidden for over 400 years, calling it grana cochineal or grain, so that English and Italian competitors could not detect its source.

Cochineal dye bath -- the most vibrant red of the natural world

Cochineal dye bath — the most vibrant red of the natural world

During this one-day outing, we will visit four weavers, see complete natural demonstrations of yarns and threads, learn about over-dyeing to get a full rainbow of colors, and savor the beautiful results that master weavers create.

We may not always visit the same weavers on each tour, based on their availability. At each home studio you will see some of the steps that go into the completed process. By the end of the day, you will have gained a fuller understanding of the difference between natural and commercial dyed cloth as well as the various weaving techniques. This will help you become a more educated collector, able to discern nuances in fiber and dye quality.

Ikat wool rebozo colored with pomegranate and cochineal

Ikat wool rebozo colored with zapote negro (black persimmon) and cochineal

More than this, you will learn about the local culture, the family enterprise of weaving, how weavers source their materials, the dedication to keeping this ancient practice alive. You will see how using natural dyes is a small-batch, organic and environmentally sustainable process. And, you will try your hand in the dye pot and at the loom, too, if you like.

Typical Day

  • 9 a.m. — We pick you up in the historic center of Oaxaca city
  • 9:30 a.m. — We meet a flying shuttle loom weaver who designs home goods and clothing, using naturally dyed cloth
  • 11:30 a.m. — We meet two weaving families who work exclusively with natural dyes to make rugs and tapestry wall hangings
  • We enjoy lunch around 2 p.m. at a local comedor that uses all native and natural ingredients
  • 4:00 p.m. — We visit the home studio of a women’s cooperative that makes leather trimmed handbags woven with naturally dyed wool
  • You return to Oaxaca city by 6:00 p.m.

All times are approximate. We reserve the right to alter the schedule based on artisan availability. Please bring water and a snack.

Squeezing fresh lime juice for the acid dye bath -- turns cochineal bright orange

Squeezing fresh lime juice for the acid dye bath — turns cochineal bright orange

During this complete one-day study tour you will:

  • Meet master weavers and their families in their home workshop/studio
  • See the raw materials used for coloring wool, cotton and silk
  • Watch the weaving process and try your hand (and feet) at the fixed frame 2-harness pedal loom and flying shuttle loom — if you wish
  • Discuss the origin of cochineal, its impact on world trade and its many uses today
  • Learn how to tell the difference between dyed fibers – are they natural or chemical?
  • Observe processes for dyeing with indigo, cochineal, wild marigold and other organic materials
  • Understand quality differences and what makes a superior product
  • Discover the meaning of the various designs, some taken from ancient codices
  • Have an opportunity to shop, if you choose, at the source
  • Order a customized size, if you prefer

You are under no obligation to buy.

Zapote negro fruit in a dye bath waiting for wool

Zapote negro fruit in a dye bath waiting for wool

This is an educational study tour to give you more in-depth knowledge about the weaving and natural dye process. We offer a stipend to the weavers who take part to compensate them for their knowledge, time and materials. This is included in your tour fee.

Weavers do not pay commissions on any purchases made and 100% of any sales go directly to them.

Also consider these educational options:

About Norma Schafer, your study tour leader

Norma Schafer has organized educational programs and workshops in Oaxaca since 2006 through Oaxaca Cultural Navigator LLC. She is an educator, not a tour guide, and is recognized for her knowledge about textiles and natural dyes.

Nina wears a quechquemitl woven with cochineal dyed cotton

Nina wears a quechquemitl woven with cochineal dyed cotton

Norma is living in the weaving village of Teotitlan del Valle, Oaxaca, since she retired from The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill in 2011. Before that, she made frequent visits each year beginning in 2005. Norma has access to off-the-tourist-path small production family workshops where the “manufacturing” process is vertical and hand-made.

  • Earned the B.A. in history from California State University at Northridge
  • Holds the M.S. in business administration from the University of Notre Dame
  • 30-year career in higher education administration and program development
  • Created/produced international award-winning programs at Indiana University, University of Virginia, George Washington University and The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
  • Recognized by the International University Continuing Education Association for outstanding educational program development
  • Founder/creator of Oaxaca Cultural Navigator LLC arts workshops/study tours in 2006
  • Contributor to Textile Fiestas of Mexico, with chapters about Teotitlan del Valle and Tenancingo de Degollado
  • Founder/author of Oaxaca Cultural Navigator blog in 2007
  • Learned to weave and use natural dyes as a graduate student in San Francisco too many years ago to count!
  • Has an extensive personal collection naturally dyed textiles
  • Consultant to textile designers, wholesalers and retailers who want to include sustainable, organic textiles in their body of work and inventory
  • International textile conference advisor to Weaving a Real Peace (WARP) organization
  • Consultant on tourism/economic development, State of Guanajuato, Mexico Office of Tourism
  • Embedded in the cultural and social history of Oaxaca’s Zapotec village life

IMG_4423 Dolores with Shadows

Includes transportation from/to Oaxaca city to our meeting place in the Tlacolula Valley, lunch and honoraria to artisans. Please let us know if you need vegetarian options. We may pre-order a tasting menu that includes a fresh fruit drink (agua fresca) based on group size. Alcoholic beverages are at your own expense.

Schedule your dates directly with Norma Schafer. We will do our best to accommodate your requests.

Silk worms dining on mulberry leaves, Oaxaca, Mexico Wool dyed w moss

Reservations and Cancellations

We require a non-refundable 50% deposit with PayPal (we will send an invoice) to reserve. The PayPal amount billed will be based on the number of people you reserve for. The 50% balance is due on the day of the tour in cash, either USD or MXN pesos (at the current exchange rate).

We will have made transportation arrangements and secured the dates/times with the weavers, plus paid them a stipend in advance for participating. We have learned, living in Mexico, that it is essential to keep commitments to sustain relationships. Thank you for understanding.

Folded pedal looms waiting for the next project

Folded pedal looms waiting for the next project

32 responses to “Travel Oaxaca’s Natural Dye Textiles + Weaving Trail: One-Day Study Tour

  1. Hello,

    I would like to inquire about the availability of a one-day tour on March 18, 19 or 20. My partner and I will be in Oaxaca on those days. Please let me know, thank you!


  2. Hello Norma,
    I will be in Oaxaca with friends for the week of Todos Santos, and know full well how busy a time it is. Do you have any availability between October 30 to November 4 for a full day study for four adults? We have transportation to meet you in Teotitlan, if that works for you, or can also meet you in n Oaxaca.

    Thank you-
    Anne Bravo

  3. Hola Norma,
    I will be in Oaxaca with friends April 16-26, 2019. I would be interested in taking your one-day Natural Dyes and Weaving tour and wonder which days are available? I do not know if others in my party will be interested, but once I have availability and price confirmation, I will pass it on to them and see who else might want to join me.
    Looking forward to hearing from you.
    Thank you,

  4. Hi Norma!
    My name is Elli and I’m currently studying natural dyes & weaving in Kyoto, Japan. My brother and I have plans to travel to Oaxaca in March and we are very interested in your 1 day Natural Dye + Weaving study tour.
    Would it be possible to do a tour on March 20, 2019 (Wed)?
    Thank you and looking forward to hearing from you!

  5. Hi Norma!
    I’m currently studying natural dyes & hand-weaving kimonos in Kyoto, Japan. My brother and I have plans to travel to Oaxaca in March and we are very interested in your 1 day Natural Dye + Weaving study tour.
    Would you be available to do a tour on March 20, 2019 (Wed)?

    Thank you and looking forward to hearing from you!

  6. Hi Norma! Love your articles about Vida Nueva, so much information about weaving! I would be interested in a one day tour, what is the price and availability for next week? Sorry the late notice, I just found your blog. I will be in Oaxaca just for the weekend of 19-20 January, 2019. I tried your link for contact and asks me for iCloud user, I am not Apple. Thanks!

  7. I landed in Oaxaca Wednesday and am here til 12/19. Staying at Agrado House in Centro. From Mendocino and interested in the natural dying/blackstrap loom weaving. I am interested in your tour.

  8. Hi Norma,
    I am visiting Oaxaca and looking to plan my adventures for March 1-7. Do you have any workshops already schedules that I could join with. I’m primarily a hand needle worker and herbalist so I am more interested in dying over the weaving. Please let me know. Kyra. (Sorry for late notice but I just found your site today)

  9. I own a 4×6 red woolen carpet from a Oaxaca-area family of artisans who use the cochineal bug for their red color. I am trying to ID the maker.

    I wonder if you know their trade-marks? Mine han a single letter “H” woven into a corner.

    Do you know the artist or family who use than mark?


    Dennis P. O’Brien

  10. Hola,
    Estaré en México en los meses de Agosto y Septiembre,me gustaría hacer el recorrido,cómo puedo hacer la reservación y saber la disponibilidad de fechas?


    Marisol Pastrana

  11. What trips do you have scheduled for 2018 and I have seen pillow cases that are embroidered (simply) with day of the dead motifs and other small figures. Do you know anyone that gives lessons? Thank you for any advice.

  12. I would like to do a natural dye class… any dates between January 21-28? Please be in touch

  13. Hi Norma
    I will be visiting the Oxaca area in Feb 2017 and have been looking thru your archives to find a Mescal recomendation you once wrote about. Something you always try to bring back to the states. Do you have a label of choice?

  14. Any photography sessions planned for this year; was sorry to miss Chiapas last year

    • Ron, seems like cameras are changing. The mirrorless system is taking hold. I don’t know if we can attract enough participants to focus on using the DSLR. Let me think about how to reframe a photography workshop. I don’t have anything planned yet for 2016-2017, I’m sorry to say.
      Best to you and Katie. -Norma

  15. Norma

    I will be in Oaxaca the month of February. I am interested in such a tour. Please let me know when other people will be going and I will be glad to join along.

    • Sandra, you are welcome to schedule a date with me any time that suits you when I’m available. Please feel free to put together your own small group of 2 or more people. I am doing these study tours on an individualized basis. There are no set dates. Thanks for your interest. Norma

  16. Some years ago I found cochineal living on cactus near O’Neil Park in Orange County. I transferred some cochineal to cactus in pots on my back patio but during the night the local yard snails (similar to the escargo eaten by humans) found and consumed all the cochineal! Later I made a trip from Fresno back down to Orange County, put some new cochineal on protected cactus, which the next day was all washed off by an alert gardener thinking the cactus were infected…end of my attempt to own a sample of cochineal for teaching and other purposes!

    • Dudley, so great to hear from you again. Though we’ve never met, I always find your comments valuable and entertaining! I know how much you must miss Oaxaca. Yes, those little bugs are often seen as culprits of infestation rather than as a source for an incredible, intense red dye. Those blessed gardeners and snails. What do they know? Sending all best wishes, Norma

    • Speaking of Cochineal in Orange County, last year I was amazed to find patches of cochineal bugs on “spineless” Opuntia (prickly pear cactus) on sale at a Home Depot in Lake Forest (south Orange County), CA. This was just after attending the special series of Cochineal events held at the Bowers Museum in Santa Ana, so I recognized it immediately. I confirmed the identification by squashing a bug on my finger, which produced a surprising amount of dye that ran down onto my hand. I showed this to a Garden Department employee, who panicked, thinking this was the gory evidence I would use to sue the company for being wounded by the cactus. In the end I was disappointed that no one in the Garden Department knew about Cochineal, or was interested in learning.

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